|“All oil exporters will need to adjust to the new low oil price,” the IMF warned AFP|
Πηγή: The Independent
By Hazel Sheffield
26 Oct 2015
Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Libya are among the Middle Eastern countries that could run out of money in less than five years because of the fall in the oil price, according to the International Monetary Fund.
The countries in the red bracket could run out of cash in five years or less.
|Iraq, Iran, Oman, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Libya and Yemen are most at risk|
But large budget deficits in Iraq, Iran, Oman, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Libya and Yemen means that if these countries do not seek to diversify their economies or borrow money, they will run out of cash in five years or less.
|Yemenis stand amid the ruins of buildings destroyed in an air-strike by the Saudi-led coalition on the capital Sanaa. Yemen is classified as a fragile economy by the IMF. (AFP)|
The IMF classifies Iraq, Libya and Yemen as fragile states because of regional conflict. This has led to sharp drops in GDP and higher inflation. The cost of conflicts in terms of people and infrastructure also makes it harder for these countries to recover.
“All oil exporters will need to adjust to the new low oil price,” the IMF warned. It said that even countries with higher buffers like Kuwait, Qatar and the UAE who can survive more than 20 years of low oil prices need to act now to adjust their reliance on oil, because prices are expected to remain low.
Saudi Arabia is the world’s largest oil producer but must sell oil at $106 a barrel to balance its books. It has started to look at other ways of raising cash, such as selling bonds. Earlier this year the country raised $4 billion by selling bonds.
Energy price reforms in countries such as Iran, Kuwait and the UAE reduced the gap between local prices and international benchmark prices however the IMF notes that savings being made as a result are still relatively modest.